浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末调测英语试题

浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末调测英语试题

1 .    Jane Goodall was born in Bournemouth, England, on April 3, 1934. As a child, she had a natural love for the outdoors and animals. When Jane was about eight she read the Tarzan and Dr. Dolittle series and, in love with Africa, dreamed of traveling to work with the animals.

Finally, at age 23, she left for Nairobi, Kenya. There, Jane met famed Dr. Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey, who offered her a job at the local natural history museum. She worked there for a time before Leakey decided to send her to the Gombe Stream Game Reserve in Tanzania to study wild chimpanzees. He felt her strong interest in animals and nature, and her knowledge as well as high energy made her a great candidate to study the chimpanzees.

In December 1958, Jane returned home to England and Leakey began to make arrangements for the expedition (考察), securing the appropriate permissions from the government and raising funds. In May 1960, Jane learned that Leakey had gained funding from the Wilkie BrothersFoundation.

Jane arrived by boat at the Gombe Stream Game Reserve on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika with her mother. The early weeks at Gombe were challenging. Jane developed a fever that delayed the start of her work. Finally, an older chimpanzee named David Greybeard, began to allow Jane to watch him. As a high ranking male of the chimpanzee community, his acceptance meant other group members also allowed Jane to observe. It was David Greybeard whom Jane first witnessed using tools. Excited, she telegraphed Dr. Leakey about her observation. He wrote back, “Now we must redefine ‘tool,’ and ‘man,’ or accept chimpanzees as humans.”

Jane continued to work in the field and, with Leakey’s help, began her doctoral program without an undergraduate degree in 1962. At Cambridge University, she found herself at oddswith senior scientists over the methods she used — how she had named the chimpanzees rather than using the more common numbering system, and for suggesting that the chimps have emotions and personalities. She further upset those in power at the university when she wrote her first book, My Friends, the Wild Chimpanzees, aimed at the general public rather than an academic audience. The book was wildly popular, and her academic peers were outraged. Dr. Jane Goodall earned her Ph.D. on February 9, 1966, and continued to work at Gombe for the next twenty years.

【小题1】It can be inferred from the passage that ______ .

A.Jane was the first to discover chimpanzees use tools
B.a journey to Kenya rooted Jane’s deep love for animals
C.Dr. Leakey easily raised funds from the Wilkie Brothers Foundation
D.Jane’s work at the Gombe Stream Game Reserve went along smoothly

【小题2】What is the academic peers’ attitude towards Jane’s first book?

A.Extremely puzzled. B.Genuinely pleased.
C.Really angry. D.Truly sensitive.

【小题3】What does the underlined sentence imply in paragraph 5?

A.Jane’s study of chimpanzees received no support from scientists.
B.Jane’s method inspired more scientists to make further discoveries.
C.Jane’s achievements quickly attracted attention from senior scientists.
D.Senior scientists disagreed with Jane’s method in observing chimpanzees.

【小题4】What message is mainly conveyed in the passage?

A.Passion and hard work can make a difference in scientific research.
B.Cooperation is the key to making significant discoveries.
C.Challenging senior scientists is a must in gaining fame.
D.High energy counts in achieving great success.

浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末调测英语试题

2 .    Thirty-two cases of illegal hunting or trading wild animals have been uncovered involving 33 suspects since a crackdown against illegal wildlife trade was launched on April 10.

Beijing police seized 74 wild animals grouped in China into the first-grade and second-grade state protected animals, including African grey parrots and cockatoos, as well as nearly 50 wild birds and 21 pangolin scales.

On April 16, police in the capital city’s Chaoyang district caught two suspects, who were respectively identified as Liu and Wang, for buying wild animals, and recovered more than 40 wild birds, including one cockatoo and one African grey parrot, at their homes, the statement said, adding the two suspects have been detained (拘留).

In another case, a 35-year-old man surnamed Hu was also sentenced to imprisonment in Daxing district after he was found selling wild animals through QQ, a popular instant messaging tool in the country. He was caught on April 14.

The bureau highlighted the importance of protecting the wildlife, noting Chinese laws and a new decision adopted by the nation’s top legislature (立法机关) have also shown the country’s determination against illegal trade of wild animals.

The Chinese Criminal Law clarifies that those illegally hunting, buying, selling or transporting wild animals on the state protection list, endangered animals or the wildlife-related products will face an imprisonment of more than 10 years and fines if their behaviors are identified as “extremely serious”.

On Feb 24, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, the country’s top legislative body, also passed the decision that clearly states all wildlife on the protection list of the existing Wild Animal Protect Law or other laws, and all wild animals, including those artificially bred and farmed, are not permitted to be hunted or traded.

With the strict crackdown campaign against illegal trade of wild animals on the go in Beijing, the whole nation is attaching great importance to wild life protection.

【小题1】The author mentions the cases at the very beginning of the passage to ______ .

A.explain the new laws on wildlife protection
B.show the present situation of wildlife extinction
C.highlight the problem of illegal trade of wild animals
D.introduce Beijing’s campaign against illegal wildlife trade

【小题2】What can we learn from the first three paragraphs?

A.The number of wild animals is decreasing sharply.
B.Hunting and trading wildlife has become a nationwide concern.
C.Effective actions have been taken to prevent wildlife from illegal trade.
D.The strong action to stop trading illegal wild animals has a long way to go.

【小题3】According to the Chinese Criminal Law, ______ .

A.serious actions of trading wild animals will face fierce punishment
B.people risk heavy fines but no imprisonment for trade of wildlife
C.the trade of wildlife-related products will receive no punishment
D.those who hunt illegally may face 10 years of imprisonment

【小题4】Which best describes the author’s tone in the passage?

A.Determined. B.Hopeful. C.Unconcerned. D.Doubtful.

浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末调测英语试题

3 .    An international team of scientists has discovered a stellar black hole in Earth’s “cosmic backyard” containing the mass of 70 suns.

It’s a black hole that forms after stars die, collapse, and explode. Researchers had long believed that the size limit was only 20 times the mass of our sun because as these stars die, they lose most of their mass through explosions that force matter and gas swept away by stellar winds.

This theory has now been toppled by LB-1, the newly discovered black hole. Located about 15,000 light years away, it has a mass 70 times greater than our sun, according to a press release from the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

“Black holes of such mass should not even exist in our galaxy (星系), according to most of the present models of stellar evolution,” said Liu Jifeng, head of the team that made the discovery.

“LB-1 is twice as massive as what we thought possible. Now theorists will have to take up the challenge of explaining its formation.”

Scientists are now scratching their heads at how LB-1 got so huge.

The team has proposed some theories. LB-1’s sheer size suggests that it “was not formed from the collapse of only one star,” the study said — instead, it could potentially be two smaller black holes orbiting each other.

Another possibility is that it formed from “fallback supernova (超行星).” This is when a supernova — the last stage of an exploding star — ejects (喷射) material during the explosion, which then falls back into the supernova, creating a black hole. This fallback formation is theoretically possible, but scientists have never been able to prove or observe it.

There are several types of black holes and stellar black holes like LB-1 are on the smaller side, according to NASA. Supermassive black holes are much bigger — they can be billions of times the mass of our sun.

Scientists believe supermassive black holes may have connection with the formation of galaxies, as they often exist at the center of the mass star stems but it is still not clear exactly how, or which form first.

【小题1】According to scientists, what might account for the formation of LB-1?

A.The material ejected in the explosion of a supernova.
B.The smaller black holes moving around each other.
C.The evolution of the solar system.
D.The collapse of a certain star.

【小题2】What does the word “toppled” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A.Confirmed B.Strengthened. C.Overturned. D.Refused.

【小题3】What is the purpose of writing this article?

A.To inform readers of the basic knowledge about black holes.
B.To share the recent development of the black hole discovery.
C.To show the importance of discovering black holes for science.
D.To report achievements scientists have made in black hole theory.

【小题4】What might be the best title for the passage?

A.The Latest Discovery of Galaxies
B.Proposed Theories of Black Holes
C.The Possible Formation of the Black Holes
D.Biggest Stellar-mass Black Hole Discovered

浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末调测英语试题

浙江省温州十五校联合体2019-2020学年高一下学期期末联考历史试题

浙江省温州十五校联合体2019-2020学年高一下学期期末联考历史试题
1 . 《左传》日:“国之大事,在祀与戎”。先秦时期,政治决策往往在祭祀场合进行,参与祭祀活动的人员尤其是主祭人员,往往就是决策参与者。这反映中国早期政治制度的特点是

A.宗法制度锥形已现端倪 B.政权与神权的紧密结合
C.政权以血缘关系为组带 D.权力尚未实现高度集中

浙江省温州十五校联合体2019-2020学年高一下学期期末联考历史试题

2 . 战国时期,赵国的赵烈侯任公仲连为相。公仲连“选练举贤,任官选能”、“节财俭用,察度功德”,深得赵烈侯的信任。与公仲连这一做法相一致的思想学派是

A.道家 B.儒家 C.法家 D.墨家

浙江省温州十五校联合体2019-2020学年高一下学期期末联考历史试题

3 . 《汉书地理志上》曰:“秦遂并兼四海,以为周制微弱,终为诸侯所丧,故不立尺土之封,分天下为00。”据此推断,材料中的“00”处应该是

A.封建 B.郡县 C.州县 D.行省

浙江省温州十五校联合体2019-2020学年高一下学期期末联考历史试题

浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题
1 . 周桓王在位时(前720年—前697年),将王朝大权交给歌公,免去了郑庄公左卿士的职务。郑庄公随即派人将王室的庄稼割走,后来也不再朝见天子。这一现象说明

A.宗法制度开始瓦解 B.分封制度遭到破坏 C.井田制度走向崩溃 D.等级制度基本消失

浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

2 . 秦汉时期,三公之下的列卿分管各方面事务:奉常,掌宗庙礼仪;郎中令,主管宫廷警卫;宗正,掌皇族事务;少府,主管皇室财政……上述材料表明,这样的设置

A.分工严密且互相制衡 B.听命于皇帝不得世袭
C.有明显家国一体色彩 D.标志选官制度的完善

浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

3 . 葛兆光先生在《中国思想史》中说道:“儒家的思想学说终于形成了理路贯通、兼备形上形下、可以实用于社会的国家意识形态,完成了从理想主义到现实主义的过渡。”这一过渡的完成应该是在

A.先秦 B.汉代 C.宋明 D.明清

浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一下学期期末调研生物试题

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一下学期期末调研生物试题
1 . 下列化合物中,只含有C、H、O三种元素的是(   )

A.DNA B.叶绿素 C.纤维素 D.蛋白质

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一下学期期末调研生物试题

2 . 下列关于细胞的大小、数目和种类的叙述,错误的是(   )

A.未受精的鸵鸟蛋是最大的细胞
B.一般来说,细胞的大小以微米计,在显微镜下才能看到
C.多细胞生物细胞数目的多少与生物体的大小成比例
D.细胞体积与表面积之比太大,不利于物质交换和信息交流

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一下学期期末调研生物试题

3 . 蓝细菌既能进行光合作用,又能进行细胞呼吸。蓝细菌的结构中具有(   )

A.核仁 B.核糖体 C.叶绿体 D.线粒体

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一下学期期末调研生物试题

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末地理试题

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末地理试题

1 .    2020年5月27日凌晨2:10,中国珠峰高程测量登山队从海拔8300米的突击营地出发,于中午11时左右顺利登顶。完成下列小题。

【小题1】可能使珠峰变高的原因是(   )

A.全球变暖,海平面上升 B.地震活动频繁
C.处于板块的消亡边界 D.外力风化侵蚀

【小题2】登山队员在登顶珠峰过程中除高寒缺氧外还可能遇到的困难是(   )
①雪崩②强风③暴雨④滑坠

A.①②③ B.①②④ C.②③④ D.①③④

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末地理试题

2 .    从美国国家航空航天局公布一段视频显示,1984 年到2019 年期间,北冰洋地区海冰面积出现大幅缩减。完成下列小题。

说明: figure
【小题1】北冰洋海冰总面积呈现出缩减趋势,则(   )

A.北冰洋航线受阻 B.陆地海岸线后退
C.气温升高降水减少 D.亚热带物种向北扩大

【小题2】海冰面积变化导致北极地区

A.①增强,②减弱 B.②增强,③减弱
C.①减弱,④增强 D.③增强,④减弱

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末地理试题

3 .    骆驼刺是豆科,属半灌木,高可达40厘米。下图为骆驼刺。完成下列小题。

说明: figure
【小题1】决定骆驼刺植株形态和根系特点的主要因素是(   )

A.水分 B.土壤 C.热量 D.光照

【小题2】在绿洲边缘种植骆驼刺的主要目的是(   )

A.集聚水分 B.提供牧草
C.改土治沙 D.提供燃料

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末地理试题

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一上学期期末调研生物试题

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一上学期期末调研生物试题
1 . 下列关于生物体内水与无机盐的叙述,正确的是(   )

A.色素不能溶解在水中
B.细胞内的温度变化缓和与水无关
C.无机盐与血浆正常浓度的维持无关
D.水是无机盐在生物体内运输的介质

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一上学期期末调研生物试题

2 . 下列化合物中,属于多糖的是(   )

A.纤维素 B.葡萄糖 C.果糖 D.植物蜡

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一上学期期末调研生物试题

3 . 下列关于细胞内的化合物叙述,正确的是(   )

A.油脂不会出现在植物细胞内
B.核糖的元素组成是C、H、O、N
C.叶绿素分子含有Fe3+
D.蛋白质是由1条或多条多肽链构成的

浙江省绍兴市2018-2019学年高一上学期期末调研生物试题

浙江省台州市书生中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末生物试题

浙江省台州市书生中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末生物试题
1 . 下列哪种无机盐离子与哺乳动物发生抽搐有密切关系(   )

A.钠离子 B.镁离子 C.铁离子 D.钙离子

浙江省台州市书生中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末生物试题

2 . 下列有关糖类和脂质的叙述,错误的是(   )

A.两类物质共有元素是碳、氢、氧
B.淀粉、纤维素和糖元的结构单元都是葡萄糖
C.淀粉和油脂都是细胞内的贮能物质
D.质量相同的糖类和油脂,糖类贮存能量多

浙江省台州市书生中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末生物试题

3 . 下列有关蛋白质的叙述,错误的是(   )

A.不同的蛋白质分子中氨基酸序列不同
B.不同的蛋白质分子中肽键不同
C.蛋白质发生热变性后失去生物学活性
D.蛋白质通常不是细胞内的能源物质

浙江省台州市书生中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末生物试题

浙江省台州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量评估英语试题

浙江省台州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量评估英语试题

1 . A

A woman is swimming at night in a dark sea. Suddenly, she is pulled underwater. She surfaces, cries in terror, then disappears forever. This is the opening scene from the 1975 film Jaws. This film was a great hit, but it made things worse.

Jaws made people frightened of sharks, especially of the great white shark. Some stopped swimming in the sea, afraid of the horrible creature from the film. Others started fishing for sharks, killing as many as they could. At that time, nobody cared if sharks were killed, or how many were killed. People just wanted them killed.

After 1975,the number of large sharks fell quickly around the world.This was not only due to fear of sharks, but also finning, a type of fishing where sharks are caught and their fins cut off. Unexpectedly, finning would have a powerful effect upon Peter Benchley, who wrote the book the film Jaws was based on.

One day in 1980,Benchley was diving when he came across an awful sight.He saw fishermen finning and sharks being killed,which caused a deep change in him.From then on, he saw people as a danger to sharks,rather than the other way round.Also,he admitted that his book was wrong about sharks’ behavior.”Sharks don’t target(以…为目标)humans,”he said.Experts have proved that sharks do not see people as food, and they attack us by mistake. Only around six people are killed by sharks every year.

Today,as we learn more about sharks,more people than ever want to protect them from extinction.

【小题1】The film Jaws led to

A.an end of shark fishing
B.a rise in shark population
C.the popularity of shark movies
D.people’s scare about sharks

【小题2】How did the sight of finning affect Peter Benchley?

A.It woke him up to his false idea of sharks.
B.It inspired him to do research about sharks.
C.It drove him to learn how to protect sharks.
D.It encouraged him not to be afraid of sharks.

【小题3】What is the best title for the text?

A.Sharks:Dangerous or Endangered
B.Jaws:the Hottest Shark Movie Ever
C.Shark Attacks:Not a Problem Anymore
D.Humans:the Favourite Target of Sharks

浙江省台州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量评估英语试题

2 .    Last year,hundreds of people spent good money on an experience that they knew would include crowds,discomfort and danger.Many would become sick,due to the extreme cold and low air pressure,and a few would even lose their lives.However,by the end of the trip many were already planning a return to Qomolangma.For these people,climbing  Qomolangma is an experience like no other,making some feel weak and others,powerful.

Mallory wrote of climbing Qomolangma,”What we get from this British climber George adventure is pure joy…We do not live to eat and make money.We eat and make money to be able to enjoy life.That is what life means.”He added.”There are a thousand reasons to turn going.You really have to focus on the one reason that matters around and only one to keep the most.”

With most attempts(尝试)to climb Qomolangma resulting either in total success or failure,is there also a scientific reason behind this risk-taking?Recent studies indicate that risk-taking may be part of human nature,with some of us more likely to take risks than others. Psychologist Frank Farley has spent years studying people who jump out of planes and drive fast cars,as well as those who climb Qomolangma.He refers to the personalities of these people as”Type T”,with the”T”standing for“thrill(激动)”Speaking to the LA Times about the”Type T”personalities,Farley said,”They’ll say,’I’m not taking risks,I’m an expert…’ They don’t want to die and they don’t expect to die.”

With this in mind,is climbing Qomolangma worth the risks?It’s totally up to you.

【小题1】Why did many Qomolangma climbers decide to try again?

A.They didn’t make it in early attempts.
B.They hoped to stay away from crowds.
C.They wanted to take unique adventures.
D.They couldn’t live a life without climbing.

【小题2】What can be inferred from George Mallory’s words in Paragraph 2?

A.People care much about eating and making money.
B.It’s hard to find a reason for climbing Qomolangma.
C.Nothing but joy can be felt in climbing Qomolangma.
D.Climbing Qomolangma is a journey of gaining life pleasure.

【小题3】According to Frank Farley,which of the following best describes”Type T”people?

A.Sports-loving.
B.Thrill-seeking.
C.Strong-willed.
D.Quick-minded.

浙江省台州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量评估英语试题

3 .    I thought I knew a lot about Hamlet.As an English literature major,I have to!Having seen quite a few productions of Hamlet and read the play many times,I was full of confidence-until Peking Opera came to town!

Peking Opera has over two hundred years of history,so does this mean it’s easier than a Shakespeare play to understand?To find out the answer,I just had to go and see The Revenge of Prince Zidan- the Peking Opera version(版本)of Hamlet.

The opera brought a completely new sound to my Western ears.At first,I thought it was a violin.but later I learnt that it was a traditional Chinese instrument called jinghu.Then. seeing the characters in fantastic costumes and masks,I was amazed!They of course sang in Chinese,but the music and exaggerated movements helped get the meanings across to the audience.The voices sounded really unique-some of the female voices were so high that I was sure they could break glass!

Easily my favourite part of the show was how the characters moved on stage.I had never seen Prince Hamlet do a backflip(后空翻)before!It was so dazzling and energetic that I wasn’t sure if the characters were performers or athletes!

Before experiencing The Revenge of Prince Zidan,I wasn’t sure if I would enjoy it.But, in fact,I was on the edge of my seat!Feeling the strong emotions of love,anger,fear and grief in the performance,I could easily recognize the theme of Hamlet.So,if you want to see a show that combines music,singing,drama,poetry and costume design with explosive effect, The Revenge of Prince Zidan ticks all the right boxes!

【小题1】Why did the author go to see The Revenge of Prince Zidan?

A.To have a full understanding of Hamlet.
B.To know about Shakespeare and his works.
C.To prove Peking Opera is a better way to perform Hamlet.
D.To see if Peking Opera is more understandable than English plays.

【小题2】Which part of the opera attracted the author most?

A.The music effect.
B.The costume design.
C.The performers’movements.
D.The Chinese instrument jinghu.

【小题3】What does the underlined”I was on the edge of my seat!”in Paragraph 5 suggest?

A.I became tired of the show.
B.I missed the best of the show.
C.I was held spellbound by the show.
D.I was to leave halfway through the show.

【小题4】How did the the author feel about the Peking Opera version of Hamlet?

A.It’s puzzling.
B.It’s impressive.
C.It’s humorous.
D.It’s disappointing.

浙江省台州市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量评估英语试题

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题
1 . 下列各句中,没有错别字且加点字的注音全部正确的一项是(   )

A.上世纪末,“陕军文军”异军突起,作家名利双收,出版社获利不菲,这归因于陕西作家不被市场和大众传媒裹挟,扎(zā)根三秦大地,甘于清贫和寂寞,心无旁骛,(qián)心创作。
B.贸易往来,战争频仍,人口迁徙,文明间千丝万缕的纠(gé),都是天花攻城略地的绝佳时机,它深(ān)此道,步步为营,让厄运降临在坚忍的美洲人身上。
C.“听到监护仪的声音和平时不一样时,我们的心率也开始飙升了!”寥(liǎo)数语的背后,却是生死时速。疫情汹涌,却让千万颗(chì)热的心凝聚在一起。
D.穿山甲成为(bīn)危物种的原因,有人类为牟取非法利益而大肆杀戮,有人类对其栖息洞(xué)的恣意破坏,还有其惨遭追捕时驭敌能力差等。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

2 . 阅读下面的文字,完成各题。

[甲]最近,国内原创图画书2019年度排行榜揭晓,《一条大河》《两个天才》《大船》等10部图画书上榜。这些异彩纷呈的年度代表作品,反映出中国本土图画书创作繁荣、佳作频出的新气象。

[乙]图画书运用图、文两种符号传递信息、讲述故事,重视创意及视觉设计,能够给予读者独特、丰富的阅读体验。优秀的作品兼具思想内涵与文化底蕴。饶有情趣,适合儿童读者阅读欣赏。《一条大河》大气磅确,不但能让读者领略黄河奔腾入海的恢弘气势与万千气象,还能一览黄河流域古往今来的历史文明,体悟中华文明的源远流长和博大精深。《两个天才》颇具想象力和游戏感,图画细节繁复且表现力强,人物言行夸张,于戏谑和荒诞中暗藏深意。

放眼未来,中国原创画书有许多需要深耕的领域。[丙]如何在叙事上跳出窠臼,在画面上表现中国文化风采,传递醇厚绵长的韵味,让中国气象浸润画中风物和人物仪态,是有待创作者完成的功课。

【小题1】文段中加点的词,运用不正确的一项是(  )

A.异彩纷呈 B.荒诞 C.也 D.案臼

【小题2】文段中画线的早、乙、丙句,标点有误的一项是(  )

A.甲 B.乙 C.丙

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

3 . 下列各句中,没有语病的一项是(  )

A.以数字经济为特色,不懈推动“互联网+”垂直产业深度融合发展的杭州,正绘制化危为机、以新理念推动产业优化升级的战略蓝图,其中,服务贸易是必不可少的部分。
B.汾河是黄河第二大支流,曾“有水皆污”,也曾孕育灿烂的三晋文化,所以,治理汾河,不仅关系太原乃至山西历史文化的传承,也关系山西生态环境保护和经济发展。
C.面对新冠疫情,广大护士白衣执甲,英勇无畏地冲向国内国外疫情防控斗争第一线,用实际行动践行了敬佑生命、救死扶伤、甘于奉献、大爱无疆。
D.这个垃圾分类系统由垃圾收集箱、液压升降、大数据收集等部分组成,村民在投放垃圾后,后台可以通过大数据技术,实时监控垃圾投放情况以及定位不正确分类的农户。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

4 . 成功的商品广告语往往针对消费者的需要,抓住消费者的心理,采用“提出问题(预设隐藏) ——解决问题(声言意义)”模式,以引导消费者关注该商品。以舒肤佳香皂的广告语为例。
广告语:能有效地去除和抑制皮肤接触的一些常见细菌。
预设隐藏:皮肤不可避免地要接触细菌,对身体有害。
声言意义:舒肤位能有效去除这些细茵,使我们干净卫生。
毕业季来临,学生会精心制作了毕业光盘,并为此写了广告语。请你参照上述模式,指出其预设隐藏和声言意义。
广告语:珍藏你高中三年的回忆
预设隐藏:
声言意义:

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

5 . “词云图”是对关键词进行数据化展示的统计图形。不同文字有序组合,字体大小与出现频率正相关,使浏览者直观地捕捉到关键点。天气最冷、疫情最艰难之时,十几万“逆行者”为武汉增添温暖记忆。不久前,国家信息中心对近千万条网络数据进行分析,绘成如下职业词云图,以展示“逆行者”的职业特征。

说明: figure

(1)列举读图后你的两条发现及由此分别引发的思考。
(2)请选择一种职业,用一句话向该职业的从业者表达你的敬意。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

6 . 阅读下面的文字,完成下面小题。

材料一:

恩格斯曾在散文《风景》中生动地记述过一种使他永难忘怀的特殊“体验”:“你攀上船头桅杆的大缆,望一望被船的龙骨划破的波浪,怎祥溅起白色的泡沫,从你头顶高高地飞过;你再望一望那遙远的绿色海面,那里,波涛汹涌,永不停息,海水的碧绿同天空明镜般的蔚蓝以及阳光的金黄色交融成一片奇妙的色彩——那时候,你的一切无谓的烦恼都会消失,你会融合在自由的无限精神的自豪意识之中!”.

这就是审美体验,它总是与无功利、直觉、想象、意象等审美特征相关联,而非功利、实用、理智认识等。不同于一般经验,审美体验是那种深层的、活生生的、令人沉醉痴迷而难以言说的瞬间性审美直觉。审美体验一向是中西美学的一个重要问题。中国美学倾向于把它规定为“兴”“感兴”或“妙悟”等,并制订出一系列相应的美学原则:诗人作诗依赖“感兴”“伫兴”,诗的作品中蕴含活生生的“兴象”;读者读诗则是追求“兴味”。由此,审美体验是被视为与人生、艺术的本质密切相关的东西。同时,中国美学偏爱感悟式的或点到即止式的美学表述方式,追求美学的“诗化”。在西方,虽然审美体验在不同美学家那里获得了不同“命名”:“迷征”“游戏”“高峰体验”等,但在研究时,西方美学家同样将其与人生、艺术的本质关联起来。

无论是审美体验还是艺术,归根到底,都是人类社会活动、社会实践的产物,因而都应当以此为根基加以阐明。但是,社会实践又总是通过审美体验去显现的。因此,需要追问,社会存在或社会实践的丰富性与复杂性是如何通过审美体验这个“中介”而转化为艺术的。这样,审美体验的探究价值自然是毋庸置疑的了。

(节选自王一川的《审美体验论)导言》)

材料二:

艺术家的创作动力和创作动机,必须结合审美体验,通过审美创造转化为艺术品。其中,审美体验包含两个部分:人生体验和艺术体验。

艺术家并非一直处于艺术创作状态,而是像普通大众一样每天都经历着日常生活,但是他们对日常生活多了一种审美观照,这是一种特殊的人生体验。他们通过审美观照对日常生活进行延伸思考、联想、想象,甚至通过灵感或直觉的心理活动建构一种与日常生活不一样的精神空间。艺术体验则要求再上升到一种新的精神高度,它是人生体验的继续延伸和不断升华,从艺术家的精神世界中升腾起来。最终,艺术创造使艺术体验转化为一种新的存在状态艺术品。

这个过程被郑板桥精妙地概括为从“园中之竹”“眼中之竹”“胸中之竹”到“手中之竹”的过程:江馆清秋,晨起看竹,烟光日影露气,皆浮动于疏枝密叶之间。胸中勃勃遂有画意。其实胸中之竹,并不是眼中之竹也。因而磨墨展纸,落笔倏作变相,手中之竹又不是胸中之竹也。总之,意在笔先者,定则也;趣在法外者,化机也。独画云乎哉!

(节选自孙先旭、胡鹏林的《艺术家的审美体验》)

材料三:

顾春芳:讲审美,我想不仅要追求艺术作品的美,还要把艺术的审美体验和心思灌注于日常生活,从而获得一种“诗意的栖居”,尤其要追求人格的美。

叶朗:当然,美学是人文学科,研究对象是人的“生活世界”,这个“生活世界”,是一个有“意义”和“价值”的世界。中国传统美学的理论品格,最重要一点就在于十分重视美在精神属面的作用。它引导人们重视艺术活动与人生的紧密联系,引导人们去追求心灵境界的提升,使自己有一种“光风霁月”般的胸襟和气象。最突出的例子就是嵇康,他把弹琴和他的生命追求融为一体,升华为崇高的人格境界和审美境界。我们研究中国美学,不仅要关注艺术作品,而且要关注历史上如嵇康这样的艺术家的生存风格和生命华彩,他们用自己的崇高人格和生命创造了诗意的人生境界。

顾着芳:近来美学界比较关注日常生活的审美,您可以就此谈谈吗?

叶朗:日常生活的审美追求,实际上就是日常生活里的人生情趣,这也很值得研究。现代社会,人们要学会主动寻找日常生活中的审美情趣。宋代以来,特别是明清时期,一批文人、艺术家形成了一种优雅、精致的审美情趣。他们弹琴、赏花、品茶,开拓了一个新的生命活动的空间,这是非实用的、审关的空间,用他们的话说,这是一个张扬“性灵”的空间。在这种空间里,他们获得了特殊的审美体验,拥有了心灵的自由,于是就能更好的做学问,干事业。正如朱光潜先生所说:“人要有出世的精神才可以做入世的事业”,“把自已所做的学问事业当作一件艺术品看待,只求满足理想和情趣,不斤斤于利害得失,才可以有一番真正的成就”。

(节选自顾春芳的《当前美学和艺术学理论研究的几个问题——访美学家叶朗》)

【小题1】下列对材料中“审美体验”的相关理解,正确的一项是(  )

A.与一般经验不同的是,审美体验去除了功利、实用的目的,它更强调直觉、想象、意象等审美特征。
B.审美体验与人生、艺术的本质相关,中西方美学思想虽然对审美体验的称呼不同,但在这一点上的认知是一致的。
C.由于社会实践的丰富性与复杂性,作为社会实践产物的审美体验又反过来表现着社会实践。
D.审美体验贯穿于艺术家的日常生活,它表现为一种特殊的人生体验,是上升到精神层面的审美观照。

【小题2】下列对材料相关内容的理解和分析,不正确的一项是(  )

A.恩格斯在散文《风景》中记述的审美体验主要表现为烦恼的消失与精神的自豪,这种体验是源于社会活动、实践的,是一种深层的令人沉醉痴迷的直觉。
B.郑板桥所谓的“园中之竹”“眼中之竹”即审美体验中的“人生体验”阶段,而“胸中之竹”“手中之竹”则是“艺术体验”阶段。
C.在叶朗看来,嵇康将艺术活动与生命追求融为一体,创造了诗意的人生境界,这表现了美在精神层面的作用,符合中国传统美学的理论品格。
D.明清时期一批文人、艺术家主动寻找日常生活中的审美情趣,通过弹琴、赏花、品茶来张扬“性灵”,这对于他们做学问不无裨益。

【小题3】请结合上面三则材料,概括审美体验的作用。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

7 . 阅读下面的文字,完成下面小题。

寻找

墨白

星期天的上午,楼下来了一个卖煤的,我就站在阳台上往下喊,哎,卖煤的。

卖煤的是位老人。老人抬头看看,把煤车停在路边,伸手擦了一把汗,他喘了一口气说,下来吧,下来看看。

妻子说,多少钱一块呀?

卖煤的说,下来看看,相中了再说价。

于是我就和妻子一道儿下去看煤。煤不赖,煤块饱满而光滑,煤块上一点一点的焦煤在阳光下映射着太阳的光芒。

妻子说,多钱一块儿?

卖煤的老人说,人家啥价咱啥价,还是一毛二。

妻子说,好烧吗?

老人说,不好烧不要钱。

我说,说实话好不好烧?

卖煤的老人脸就红了,他咽了一口吐沫说,我活到这把年纪没给谁说过瞎话,我每拉一车煤都要先在煤场试一块,不好烧我就不拉。老人消瘦的脸上满是皱纹,皱纹里积满了灰尘,看上去他的脸似乎从来部没有洗干净过。

妻子看他这样,就说,不是不信你,上一次买的煤就不好烧,可卖煤的偏说他的煤好烧。

老人说,人跟人不一样。

妻子说,那是那是,看你也不会骗人,俺怕万一不好烧,再从五楼上搬下来不容易。

这样吧,老人说,要是不放心,就先给我一半的钱,要是不好烧,还是我的煤。

就这样讲定了。可卸煤的时候又有了问题,老人说,咱说到明处,搬到五楼一块给我加一分钱。

我说加就加吧,一车煤搬到五楼也不容易。我安排妻子给老人倒上茶水,放上烟,而后就去书房忙我的,我在赶写一份材料。我在书房不断的听到老人的脚步声进屋来,那脚步很重,踏、踏、踏……同时伴着粗重的喘息,就有些坐不住了。等老人又一次搬煤上来的时候,我就走出来。我看到那些煤块被老人码在一个方板上,齐齐的一排贴在他的胸口上,由一楼搬到五楼,老人的腰都弯了,大滴大滴的汗珠从老人的脸上流下来。论年龄,他能做我的父辈,我怎能忍心看着他这样一趟一趟地搬下去?等他走后,我就对妻子说,我去帮他搬吧。

妻子说,你帮他算老几,你去搬咋给他算钱?你去搬说不定他还不高兴。

想想妻子说的也是,我就回到书房继续写材料。等老人卸完煤,妻子就先给他一半的钱。老人说,先给个整数吧,给五十,余下的过两天我再来。

妻子说,讲好的先给一半嘛,要是不好烧我咋办?

老人①    地说,好烧,真的好烧,我这么大年纪,骗你不是人。

我说,就先给五十吧。妻子白我一眼,但最后还是先给了他五十元。那煤果然好烧,妻子很高兴,说,这老头的煤真好烧。过了两天,到中午做饭的时候,上面那块煤怎么也不起火。妻子就生气了,这个老头,骗人,这样的煤咋烧?正说着,有人敲门,开门一看,竟是那老头,显然,他是来拿钱的。妻子劈头就说,你这老头咋骗人?你弄的是啥煤?

老人的脸刷地一下就灰了,声音也发颤,他②     地说, 咋了?不好烧?我那煤好烧呀。妻子生气地说,好不好烧你自己过来看吧。

老人就过来看煤,看着炉子上瞎红瞎红的煤块,老人③      地说, 不一定哪一块,正赶上煤底了。

妻子说,咋恁正好,正好赶上煤底了?

老人就不言语,慌忙从屋里退出来,到门口他说,再烧烧看,真的,不一定哪一块,赶上煤底了。老人立在门前,好像做了错事的孩子,他低着头④    地说, 再烧两天看,要是臭不好烧,我就拉走。老人说完就松松地下楼了。

又烧了几天,果然让老人说中了,不好烧的就那么一块,妻子也渐渐地高兴起来。妻子说,那老头一看就不会骗人。过几天妻子又说,他也该来拿钱了。可是从那天起,我们就再也没有见过那位老人。起初我总认为他会来,就对妻子说,会来的,他拉一车煤才赚几个钱?

我们就一直等,一直等到那一车煤都烧完了,一直等到冬季来临,老人也没有出现。这样一件小事倒成了我的心病,老人搬煤的样子老在我的面前晃动,使我不能平静。我对妻子说,老人挣两钱不容易,可他咋不来拿钱呢?

妻子说,他不来我有啥办法?

停了一会儿我又说,要不我去找找看吧。

妻子说,这么多人,你去哪儿找?

我说,人多,打煤的煤场总有数的吧?

妻子说,那你去吧,把钱给他咱也心净了。

在冬季来临的时候,我骑着车子在我所居住的这座北方小城的大街小巷去寻找那位卖煤的老人。可是我找遍了所有的打煤球的煤场,问了许许多多卖煤的人,也没有找到那位老人。他到哪儿去了呢?回他农村老家了吗?那几张十元钱的钞票都快被我捏出汗来了,可是,我始终没有找到那位面容消瘦的老人,那位实在忠厚的老人,在这个嘈杂的城市里消失了。

1996年

【小题1】在文中划线的空自处填上表现老人心理的词语(限两个字)。
①______   ②______    ③________    ④________
【小题2】小说中“妻子”这一形象有何作用?
【小题3】赏析小说的对话艺术。
【小题4】小说设置了一个在煤场寻找老人而不得的结尾,结合全文,谈谈你对这个结尾的理解。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

8 . 阅读下面的文言文,完成下面小题。

范文正公祠堂记

(清)沈德潜

人当穷时,必有固穷之节与兼善者天下之志,而不以富贵贫贱、荣辱得丧一毫蒂芥于心。夫然后可以处,可以出,可以历颠跌顿踣之境,而建不世之大功。即至没世以后,俎豆尸祝于名山,而其名不敝天壤。无他,所守者坚,所操者有本也。

范文正公为秀才时,即以天下为已任。观其南都,入学舍,起居饮食,人所不堪,而扫室诵读,隐然抱“一夫不获时予之辜”之志。故其出也,自秘阁校理以迄参知政事,总离不于先忧后乐,尧舜君民之素心。凡他人之重,远莫胜者,皆公所取诸其怀者也。窃尝综其生平之遭际计之,无往而非足以催挫其志,而挠败其功者。伏闯争郭后之废,坐贬斥;触吕夷简怒,高若讷辈僭毁之,再贬斥;以祸福顺逆之故擅复元昊书,辄贬斥。即至罢政府,为陕西四路安抚时,言者以危言公,而有司奏罢公前所施行之事。究其设施,未尽公之大用矣。然历台谏,则功在极言;任州郡,则功在决辑;镇边境,则能寒西人之胆;官枢密,参大政,则能实效,减任子,兴学校,以革弊于久安,而兴起德行之士。迄今奏议勋业,彪炳史书,虽山林妇竖,无不知文正公之忠义者。惟其立志于困厄之时,经百变而未尝少为屈抑也。

昔诸葛忠武淡泊宁静,自定其志于畎亩之中,卒能跨有荆、益,业分鼎足,危难受托,不惧不疑,为三代以后之王佐。若文正公者,忠武之流亚与?且讲明正学,延安定胡先生为教授,而以《中庸》授横渠张子。其于理学,能开先矣。宜百世以下,奉祀日隆。而圣祖仁皇帝命从祀庙廷位列欧阳子之右凡以见功业之所从出也隐居求志斯能行义达道士之身处草茅而以天下国家为量者尚以文正公为师法哉。

公本吴人,又尝出乡郡,有功于吴。故祠堂在吴县天平山之阳,依公祖墓也。壬子夏五,议修故祠,桐城张公命作文正公祠堂碑记,因特揭其大节之不朽者著于石。

(选自《归惠文钞》卷八)

【小题1】对下列加点词的解释,不正确一项是(  )

A.必有固穷之节与兼普者天下之志    固穷:安于穷困
B.言者以危言公                  中:中伤,陷害
C.则能实效                      课:考核
D.又尝出乡郡                    典:制定典章律令

【小题2】下列各组中,加点词的意义和用法相同的一组是(  )

A.而其名不敝天壤                则移其民河东
B.观其南都                      予及于死者不知其几矣
C.凡他人之重                    而为秦人积威之
D.忠武之流亚与                  皆出于此乎

【小题3】下列对原文有关内容的分析理解,不正确的一项是(  )

A.第一段中,作者以议论的方式表明观点:一个人即使身处困境,也要坚守自己的节操和志向,不能因为贵贱、荣辱、得失而有丝毫介意。
B.范文正公在读书时便以天下为已任,学舍的起居饮食条件不佳,别人难以忍受,他却能安心读书,不以为意。
C.范文正公生平遭际坎坷,多次被贬,他虽然也曾担任台谏、州郡长官等不同的官职,但都未能“尽公之大用”,无法真正施展才华、建立功业。
D.范文正公历变不屈,矢志不渝,忠义之名妇需皆知,对于理学,他也是开启先河的人物。作者为其旧祠修葺而作的这篇碑记,是为了彰显范文正公不朽的节操。

【小题4】用“/”给文中画波浪线的部分断句。
而圣祖仁皇帝命从视庙廷位列欧阳子之右凡以见功业之所从出也隐居求志斯能行义达道士之身处草茅雨以天下国家为量者尚以文正公为师法哉。
【小题5】把文中画模线的句子翻译成现代汉语。
(1)夫然后可以处,可以出,可以历颠跌顿踣之境,而建不世之大功。
(2)窃尝综其生平之遭际计之,无往而非足以催挫其志,而挠败其功者。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

9 . 阅读下面这首唐诗,完成下面小题。

清明二首(其一)

(唐)杜甫

此身飘泊苦西东,右臂偏枯半耳聋。

寂寂系舟双下泪,悠悠伏枕左书空。

十年蹴鞠将雏远,万里秋千习俗同。

旅雁上云归紫塞,家人钻火用青枫

秦城楼阁烟花里,汉主山河锦绣中。

春去春来洞庭闹,白薠愁杀白头翁。

[注]①这首诗是769年春作者在湖南所作。②古时清明有蹴鞠、秋千等游戏。③楚地多枫,故钻火用青枫,与北方用榆柳不同。
【小题1】“十年蹴鞠将雏远”中“将”意为________,“秦城楼阁烟花里,汉主山河锦绣中”一联中的“秦”“汉”借指_____________。
【小题2】清代浦起龙《读杜心解》论及这首诗:“全乎‘漂泊’之感。”结合全诗,分析作者是如何抒写这种“漂泊”之感的。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

10 . 阅读下面的材料,完成下面小题。

材料一:

子谓子贡曰:“女与回之孰愈?”对曰:“赐也何敢望回?回也隔一知十,赐也闻一知二。”子曰:“弗如也!吾与女弗如也。”

(《论语·公治长)

材料二:

子曰:“贤哉回也!一箪食,一瓢饮,在陋巷。人不堪其忧,回也不改其乐。贤哉回也!”

(《论语·雍也》)

材料三:

颜渊死,颜路请子之车以为之将。子曰:“才不才,亦各言其子也。鲤也死,有棺而无椁。吾不徒行以为之椁。以吾从大夫之后,不可徒行也。”

(《论语·先进》)

【小题1】从材料一、材料二中可见,颜回身上____________、____________(填两个四字词语)的特点让人非常赞赏。
【小题2】评析孔子在颜渊死后,拒绝“颜路请子之车以为之椁”的行为。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

11 . 补写出下列名篇名句的空缺部分。(只选3小题)
(1)子日:“志士仁人,____________,____________。(《论语·卫灵公))
(2)____________,_____________;人死,则曰:“非我也,岁也。”(孟子《寡人之于国也》)
(3)青泥何盘盘,百步九折萦岩峦。____________,_____________。(李白《蜀道难》)
(4)云销雨霁,彩彻区明。_____________,______________。(王勃《滕王阁序))
(5)三顾频烦天下计,两朝开济老臣心。_____________,_____________。(杜甫《蜀相》)

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

12 . 阅读下面的材料,根据要求写作。

材料一 在选择职业时,我们应该遵循的主要指针是人类的幸福和我们自身的完美。不应认为,这两种利益是敌对的,互相冲突的,一种利益必须消灭另一种的。人类的天性本身就是这样的:人们只有为同时代人的完美、为他们的幸福而工作,才能使自己也过得完美。

——摘自马克思(青年在选择职业时的思考)

材料二 十年前,你问起学生最想成为的职位是做什么,大多数人都会告诉你,他们想当“科学家”“老师”“警察叔权”等等。到了今天,据新华网的职业意愿调查显示,超过一半95后最向往的职业是主播和网红,参与调查的大部分是大学生。很多大学生认为:靠读书来改变命运,需要寒窗苦读二十余载,而当一个网红,似乎只需要你对着屏幕唱唱歌聊聊天。

——摘自搜狐网《当下大学生最想成为的职业:网红主播?》

 一个时代有一个时代的择业观,而当代青年的择业观不只是个人的事,还与社会、国家息息相关,以上材料引发了你怎样的联想和思考?请在学校的职业生涯规划课上,写一篇发言稿和同学们交流。
要求:角度自选,立意自定,题目自拟,不得脱离材料内容及含意的范围作文;除诗歌外,文体不限不少于800字;不得抄袭、套作。

2020届浙江省杭州市二中高三6月仿真模拟考试语文试题

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末教学质量监控化学试题

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末教学质量监控化学试题
1 . 下列物质属于共价化合物的是

A.N2 B.C2H5OH C.NH4Cl D.Na2CO3

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末教学质量监控化学试题

2 . 下列仪器不能加热的是

A.说明: figure B.说明: figure C.说明: figure D.说明: figure

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末教学质量监控化学试题

3 . 化学与人类生活、生产密切相关,下列说法中不正确的是

A.碳酸钠是烘制糕点所用发酵粉的主要成分之一 B.石墨烯不属于烯烃
C.地沟油禁止食用,但可用来制燃油 D.硫酸铜可作泳池池水消毒剂

浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高二下学期期末教学质量监控化学试题