山西省2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

山西省2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题
1 . 家族文化的礼俗性是指家族共同体依照世代相传的习俗习惯来维持秩序。礼俗实际上外化了家族共同体的秩序,调节着共同体中各个成员的关系,家族成员也根据礼俗认识自己的权利和义务。可见,家族礼俗

A.协调了宗族内部的矛盾
B.有助于基层社会的稳定
C.束缚了宗族成员的个性
D.具备了国家法律的权威

山西省2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

2 . 洪绂说,元行省是“中古殖民地制度之遗物”,“省区即军区”,“皆为军事控制区域,各拥相当军需资源;藉以供养驻军,镇压地方”。材料表明元代如此做是为了(  )

A.分割行省官员权力 B.拓宽中央的选官渠道
C.加强对各地的统治 D.削弱边境的地方割据

山西省2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

3 . 1911年10月24日,武昌起义爆发后,还在河南隐居观望的袁世凯鉴于列强中立,惊呼:“各国守中立,是以我之逆匪作为友邦,安有此理?”材料说明(  )

A.列强中立支持革命党 B.袁世凯正谋划与列强勾结
C.列强暗中支持清政府 D.袁世凯希望列强镇压革命

山西省2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

吉林省实验中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

吉林省实验中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

1 .    Father Comes Home from the Wars (Parts 1, 2 & 3)

These three short plays by Suzan Lori•Parks are the start of an ambitious attempt to retell the story of the American civil war. The focus is on a  slave promised his freedom by his master if he joins in the fight against the Union. Steve Toussaint and Jimmy Akingbola head the cast, and Jo Bonney is in charge.

★15 September to 4 October, Royal Court, London. Box office: 020•7565 5000.

A Pacifist’s Guide to the War on Cancer

Bryony Kimmings and Brian Lobel consider our attitudes to cancer and the language we employ to deal with it through the stories of five people. This is an all•singing, all•dancing affair with music by Tom Parkinson, wiping off the pink charity ribbons to look at the realities of diagnosis(诊断) and what it means for the wider family.

★20~24 September, Home, Manchester. Box office: 0161•200 1500.

The Nest

Every parent wants the best for their baby. Kurt and Martha are prepared to work hard to ensure theirs has everything he needs, even if that means Kurt taking on extra work. Franz Xaver Kroetz’s extraordinary play about the damage that profit causes to individuals and the environment gets a new translation from Conor McPherson.

★15~22 October, Lyric, Belfast. Box office: 028•9038 1081.

The Red Barn

David Hare’s new play is based on La Main, a psychological thriller by the great Georges Simenon. The story concerns two couples who, on their way back from a party, struggle through the snow. The play is directed by Robert Icke, and the cast is headed by Mark Strong and Hope Davis.

★6~20 October, Lyttelton, London. Box office: 020•7452 3000.

【小题1】When can you see the play directed by Robert Icke?

A.On 19 September. B.On 3 October.
C.On 10 October. D.On 21 October.

【小题2】In which play can we feel parents’ love for children?

A.The Nest.
B.The Red Barn.
C.Father Comes Home from the Wars.
D.A Pacifist’s Guide to the War on Cancer.

【小题3】What do the plays mentioned in the text have in common?

A.They are all comedies. B.They are put on in autumn.
C.They are highly thought of. D.They are works of the same writer.

吉林省实验中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

2 .    After finishing my teaching for a school year, I thought that I should go back to Montreal, Quebec, my hometown for a visit. My main goal was to relax in preparation for the challenges of my retirement(退休) in the coming year.

Through my stay in Montreal, I met lots of Chinese who were trying hard to succeed and then led a better life in Canada. Some travelled thousands of miles to get knowledge. When I spoke with some of them about the major barrier(障碍) they had to face after they arrived in Canada, they all talked about the two official languages of Canada. But I was impressed by their ability to express their ideas while they were changing between English and French.

Almost all of those people said they often felt homesick. They miss their families and friends. Though Montreal has lots of Chinese restaurants, they long for a home•cooked meal.

I met some tourists who were trying to realize their childhood dreams of experiencing the life in a developed country. When I asked them if Montreal had lived up to their expectations, they hesitated. They said that reality never agrees with fantasies. However, they were glad to have the opportunity to visit Montreal and didn’t regret taking the trip.

Not all the Chinese people I met were happy. I once met a young lady who met with a gentleman through the Internet. However, to her disappointment, he disappeared after he promised to marry her in Montreal.

I was served by another Chinese person who could not deal with the challenges of studying in an English-speaking environment and ended up working in a restaurant with low pay.

Exploring different parts of the world, without any doubt, is an enriching experience. However, one should be realistic when it comes to leaving his hometown to start a new life in a foreign country. One should take time to examine the advantages and the shortcomings of the adventure before he decides to chase an uncertain dream of achieving success or leading a better life.

【小题1】Why did the writer go to his hometown?

A.To meet his old friends.
B.To study a new language.
C.To go on with his teaching.
D.To prepare for his retirement life.

【小题2】What is the main barrier for some Chinese to get knowledge in Canada?

A.Food. B.Homesickness. C.Language. D.Income.

【小题3】The writer thinks that   .

A.overseas Chinese are good at communication in Canada
B.the trip to Montreal is a good chance for people to study
C.overseas Chinese feel disappointed at their life in Canada
D.people should think carefully before chasing their dreams abroad

【小题4】What is the best title for the passage?

A.Improving Life Skills in Canada
B.Exploring Different Parts of Canada
C.Struggling for a Better Life in Canada
D.Going to Canada—Your Ideal Destination

吉林省实验中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

3 .    People who have seen Trisha Seifried Woodall with her cats say that she has a magic touch. Most people don’t know anyone who can order a cat to jump on a table, sit for two minutes, and then jump to the floor and walk backward.

Ms. Seifried Woodall has taught her cats to do all these tricks — and many more. At her training center. Got Pet-ential, cats learn tricks for TV and magazine ads. Some of her cats have appeared on bags of cat food.
When Ms. Seifried Woodall gets a cat, she first learns what that cat likes and doesn’t like. “Some cats like to stay close to the ground, so I’ll teach them how to stand behind me, and walk with me,”she says. “Other cats, like high places, so they’ll learn how to jump on my bent knee and then safely leap to my shoulder.”
Ms. Seifried Woodall grew up in a family with many pets, and she was first paid to work with animals when she was 18. At a summer job at an amusement park, she learned how to train a few of the animals for performances. She continued to train and learn about animals for 20 years before starting her own animal-training center.
Ms. Seifried Woodall is proud of the skills her cats have learned, but she is also proud that her center’s cats are healthy and social. She believes her cats enjoy learning new tricks.
In Ms. Seifried Woodall’s experience, nobreed(品种) of cat is easier to train than others. All of her cats came from shelters. They have become pets in her home.
Like most animal trainers, Ms. Seifried Woodall uses a reward system. Cats that are successful during training get food or a new toy. A cat that doesn’t enjoy eating or playing will probably not be interested in being trained. She never scolds(责骂) them. “Cats need a lot of encouragement when they are performing, she says.” I say good job or that’s right several times during a single minute.”
【小题1】What are the cats trained by Ms. Seifried Woodall mainly used to do?

A.Work for amusement parks. B.Act in TV and magazine ads.
C.Become people’s family pets. D.Set a good example to other cats.

【小题2】What can we learn about Ms. Seifried Woodall and her cat-training job?

A.She usually trains cats at her home.
B.She prefers training cats that are active.
C.She trains cats according to their characters.
D.She can train any cat to be well-behaved.

【小题3】What did Ms. Seifried Woodall do before becoming a cat trainer?

A.She took care of pets for families.
B.She performed at an amusement park.
C.She worked in an animal shelter.
D.She worked with animals for years.

【小题4】Which of the following can best describe Ms. Seifried Woodall?

A.Brave and strong B.Polite and friendly
C.Caring and patient D.Humorous and talkative

吉林省实验中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

四川省宜宾市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试语文试题

四川省宜宾市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试语文试题
1 . 阅读下面的文字,完成各题。

如果要为2020年选出一个半年度的关键词,“直播带货”得占据一个提名。从3月份罗永浩首场抖音带货直播销售量突破1.1亿元人民币,到4月份职业主播薇娅以4000万元人民币卖出了货真价实的火箭,再到如今广州、北京、上海等地纷纷以城市之名推出购物节——如果行业真的存在所谓“风口”,则直播带货的风力已接近最高级。

然而,在现象级事件频频刷新旁观者认知的时候,潜藏在大象身上的蚂蚁时常为人们忽视——直播数据造假、带货货品瑕疵甚至假冒、买家秀和卖家秀差距太大等均是直播带货“风力全开”下每一个消费者的痛点。因此,今年全国两会期间,规范直播带货成为不少人大代表的议案,行业内首部全国性社团标准《视频直播购物运营和服务基本规范》和《网络购物诚信服务体系评价指南》亦正在起草中,预计最快7月出台。

直播带货本身是传递商品信息的行为,对于此种传播现象以及由此衍生的乱象,或许可以借助研究传播现象的先驱——学者拉斯韦尔的观点加以理解。就传播活动而言,大致可分为5个方面:传播者、传播内容、传播渠道、受众和传播效果。从当下的直播带货乱象来看,问题多出在传播的前三个环节:带货人不对货物负责,不去把控货物品质,但在直播中却通过灯光滤镜和夸张的表演展现出精美的货物。为了造成“大家都在抢”的氛围和追求直播平台的推荐位,水军、虚假数据等便入场直播带货。一个环节的失控都可能导致负面的传播效果。因此,围绕上述5个方面对直播带货进行规范,还必须重视市场监管、法律完善、行业自治、物流运输等诸多环节。

近来,不管是代表委员还是业内知名人士的建议呼声,普遍都将传播问题与相关议题相结合,力图解决直播带货乱象。全国人大代表丁小兵提出:带货主播的角色定性是广告代言人、导购抑或是表演者,应有更加明确的规定,因为这三种角色所承担的法律责任是不同的。其中讨论的是传播者+法律的议题:全国人大代表岳国君建议有关部门细化对直播带货的监管措施,将直播带货纳入市场监管正轨。这是传播者+传播内容+市场监管的议题:直播卖出火箭的薇娅在人民网《两会夜话》栏目中直言自己在带货扶贫产品中遇到的困难:“我此前带货贫困地区的提子,我看到的是很大个,但是买家收到的都是烂的。不是产品不好,而是物流的原因。水果物流的标准非常严格,我们很多产品在这方面的标准没有跟上。”这则是传播效果+物流运输的议题。

正因如此,薇娅认为:“我们现在最大的问题是标准化的问题,包括产品选择、物流要求和售后服务都需要标准化。”对标准化的呼唤实际上是对行业规范的呼唤,某个行当急速发展,面向大众后不能再各干各的,尤其是在现代社会,直播带货不能成为“良心带货”的一锤子买卖,不能让消费者靠运气购物,而更需要某种成文的规定来确保劣币不能驱逐良币,呵护日渐成熟的市场有持续发展的能力。尤其是在社会经济受疫情冲击的特殊时期,直播带货作为提振消费、助农脱贫的重要手段,放水养鱼但不让人浑水摸鱼,这或许同样适用直播带货领域。

起草制定社团标准是直播带货发展壮大的一个重要标志,不管是对以个人为主体的带货行为,还是以城市为主题的直播节活动都是一个好消息,这让行业的未来更清晰可见。

(摘编自《南方都市报》——《抑制行业乱象,直播带货有规范才有未来》)

【小题1】下列关于原文内容的理解和分析,正确的一项是(  )

A.直播带货已被推到销售行业的风口,成为2020年一个半年度的关键词。
B.为消除直播带货给消费者的痛点,首部全国性社团标准将在今年7月出台。
C.直播带货的传播现象以及由此衍生的乱象,借助拉斯书尔的观点就能加以理解。
D.从当下直播带货乱象来看,问题多出在传播者、传播内容、传播渠道等三个环节。

【小题2】下列对原文论证的相关分析,不正确的一项是(  )

A.文章在论证中逐层展开:揭示现象、分析问题、解决问题。论证逻辑严密,立论思考深入,有较强的说明力。
B.文章主要通过举例论证、比喻论证等论证方法,论证了我国当前直播带货销售现象的火爆发展态势及原因。
C.相关人员在思考解决直播带货乱象时,普遍将传播问题与相关议题相结合,采用分类举例的方式探求原因。
D.文章在论述解决问题时,指出行业要解决的标准化问题,并以起草制定社团标准作结,表达了对行业发展的美好期待。

【小题3】根据原文内容,下列说法不正确的一项是(  )

A.规范直播带货近期成为不少人士的议案呼声,是因为直播带货火爆之下的种种问题已经给消费者带来不少利益受损的痛点。
B.为减少环节失控可能带来的负面效果,直播带货不仅要规范与其直接相关的环节,还必须重视市场监管、法律完善、行业自治、物流运输等环节。
C.相关代表委员、业内知名人士在近期的建议呼声中,普遍都将传播问题与相关议题相结合,这种方式就能很好解决直播带货乱象。
D.标准化关涉行业规范,起草制定社团标准是直播带货发展壮大的一个重要标志,将有助于呵护市场的持续发展,让行业未来清晰可见。

四川省宜宾市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试语文试题

2 . 阅读下面的文字,完成各题。

材料一

2017年2月28日,北京某校在校女生朱某等5人在女生宿舍楼内,采用辱骂、殴打、逼迫下跪等方式侮辱女生高某某,并无故殴打、辱骂女生张某某。法院经审理认为,被告人朱某等人随意殴打和辱骂他人,造成二人轻微伤,严重影响他人生活,破坏社会秩序,构成寻衅滋事罪,依法分别判处5名被告人十一个月至一年不等的有期徒刑。办案法官表示,本案是一起典型的校园欺凌行为构成犯罪的案件。如果仅仅因被告人系未成年人而“大事化小,小事化了”,就会纵容犯罪。

2018年9月,最高法发布的《校园暴力司法大数据专题报告》分析,校园霸凌行为对学生的伤害十分严重。部分受到霸凌的学生因此自卑、抑郁,甚至自残、自杀,也有学生产生报复心理,引发严重的校园暴力案件。

今年的《最高人民检察院工作报告》显示,2019年,全国检察机关起诉侵害未成年人犯罪62948人,同比上升24.1%。最高法相关负责人表示,依法严惩各类侵害未成年人的违法犯罪,切实贯彻特殊、优先保护未成年人的政策精神,是人民法院的重要职责和神圣使命。近年来,最高法会同有关部门出台《关于防治中小学生欺凌和暴力的指导意见》等一系列文件,织细织密保护未成年人的法网,落实落细特殊、优先保护的政策。

(摘编自彭波《密强法网,呵护成长》

材料二

据最高检第九检察厅厅长史卫忠介绍,近年来,侵害未成年人犯罪持续上升,案件预防难、发现难、取证难的问题亟待破解。因案件发现不及时,严重影响了打击犯罪和救助未成年人的效率、效果。有些案件后来即使被发现,由于时过境迁,给侦查取证、打击犯罪带来很大困难,有的甚至因为证据灭失,让犯罪分子得以逃避应有的惩罚。

日前最高检与国家监委、教育部、公安部、司法部、共青团中央等8家单位联合出台了《关于建立侵害未成年人案件强制报告制度的意见(试行)》,要求未成年人遭受不法侵害情形,有关单位和个人须立即报案,确保及时干预、严厉惩治、有效预防侵害未成年人犯罪。

事实上,我国未成年人保护法等多部法律对发现侵害未成年人犯罪报案举报都作出了相应规定,但由于种种原因,在落实中出现了一些问题。2018年4月,浙江杭州市萧山区人民检察院率先在全国建立侵害未成年人犯罪案件强制报告制度。此后,浙江、江苏、广东、江西等省份一些地方也都建立了相关制度。实践证明,强制报告制度是行之有效的惩防措施,杭州自建立该制度以来,已通过相关部门报告案件线索发现、办理侵害未成年人权益刑事案件33件。

(摘编自徐隽《持续加强未成年人保护制度建设》)

材料三

如何进一步加强制度建设,发动全社会力量,织细织密保护未成年人的法网?

中国政法大学副教授苑宁宁认为,探索一套适合我国实际、在实践中管用的侵害未成年人强制报告体系,是促进我国未成年人事务治理现代化的重要抓手之一。全国人大代表、陕西省律师协会副会长方燕表示,强制报告法定义务的推广有助于及早发现儿童遭受不法侵害案件的线索,尽快有力打击犯罪分子。

在现实中,如何区分孩子之间发生的冲突和霸凌事件?如何把对涉事孩子的伤害降到最低?最高法中国应用法学研究所副研究员代秋影认为,应坚持两个原则:一是坚持儿童主体原则,最大限度厘清家长与孩子之间的情绪界限,家长既不能反应过激,也不能不闻不问。二是坚持成长导向原则,重点关注如何预防类似“冲突事件”再次发生。孩子们相互之间的冲突行为大部分是在某一偶发微小事件刺激下导致的“冲突事件”,因此应该尊重儿童在事件处理过程中的主导地位、责任承担。

代秋影说:“保障未成年人健康成长,需要整个国家和社会为他们提供‘爱、自由和尊重’的成长环境。这种环境不是以成年人的标准要求未成年人的行为,而是要蹲下来,尽可能满足他们健康成长的各种需求。”

(摘编自《人民日报》)

【小题1】下列对材料相关内容的理解和分析,不正确的一项是(  )

A.在处置校园欺凌行为构成犯罪的案件中,不能仅仅因为被告人系未成年人而“大事化小,小事化了”,否则就会纵容犯罪。
B.校园霸凌行为给受害学生带来身心伤害,从而让受伤害学生产生报复心理,进而引发严重的校园暴力案件。
C.近年来,侵害未成年人犯罪持续上升,案件预防难、发现难、取证难,打击犯罪困难大,教助未成年人的效率和效果不甚理想。
D.我国对发现侵害未成年人犯罪举报,出台了相应法律法规加以规定,但由于种种原因,在落实中出现了一些问题。

【小题2】下列对材料相关内容的概括和分析,不正确的项是(  )

A.为切实贯彻特殊、优先保护未成年人的政策精神,要求人民法院依法严惩各类侵害未成年人的违法犯罪,切实保护未成年人健康成长。
B.近年来,针对侵害未成年人犯罪持续上升,国家制定了相应法规制度,为及时干预、严厉惩治、有效预防侵害未成年人犯罪提供了保障。
C.业内专家认为,探索一套适合我国实际、在实践中管用的侵害未成年人强制报告体系,是促进了我国未成年人事务治理现代化的重要抓手之一。
D.坚持成长导向原则,就是要最大限度厘清家长与孩子之间的情绪界限,家长不能反应过激,尊重儿童在事件处理过程中的主导地位、责任承担。

【小题3】请结合材料,分析解决校园欺凌与暴力现象的根本方向与具体举措。

四川省宜宾市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试语文试题

3 . 阅读下面的文字,完成各题。

俺是一棵老柳

李木生

总觉有根,能往土里扎,不然怎么就叫木生?莫名地凡树都亲,哪怕在国外,又不用翻译,一下子就能与树熟知起来、情动起来、交流起来,流连忘返。哪怕是一根斜临于水面的枯木,也会驻足寻思它的前生今世,怜惜得不行。有些树,高大得仰视也不能尽观,就会围着树细细打量,仿佛面对一位久别重逢的老友。还不能尽兴,又会俯下身子久久地看它贴在地上的树影。哪怕是荒原上一株孤单的荆棘,低矮在脚踝处,照样能看出它无尽的好来,让心柔软得如融雪一般。好多年前,在孔子的尼山,见过好多裸露着粗根的柏树,会担心大风或急雨时,吃力的根受不了,让树遭难。至今,还会在梦里遇到它们,正一锹一锹地为它们培土。

我的前世或者就是一棵树。如果是,会是一棵什么树呢?

有朋友说我是棵岩柏。想想,岩柏的孤独与岩柏的冷峭,我都不能达到。自己思量,我就是一棵柳树吧,一棵长在荒野上的老柳。

柳有草性,多,还随和,有点土就能成活。虽然还叫“杨柳”,其实哪有杨树的直捋与华美?白生生的杨树,还有巴掌大的叶,夏日里能在风里唱好多的歌。柳树自知粗陋,放任着糙还黑的身子,也不管是道旁沟边,只是随形就势、不分正斜地生长。实诚处世,倒不实憨,虽不能歌,却也自性自在地细语,窃窃地。当然不会有凤栖凰居,倒是与老鸹麻雀打成一片,任由它们落脚,造窝,生儿育女。其实柳树并不只是细语,中年以后,遇到强横的风,也会呜呜地叫着愤怒与悲伤。不像杨树多在风和日丽时哗哗啦啦地唱赞歌。

童年的时光多是艰辛与苦楚,饥饿伴随着没头没尾的运动,有时会绝望到看不到一点出路。稀薄的温暖与欢乐里,总会有柳树的影子。穷日子最怕严冬,柳树通人性般年年干枯了一些枝条,被风摇落,再被村上的小小子小妮子抢到手,就成了灶下最好的烧柴。我们这些冻得鼻涕老长的小小子,还会有一根或榆林或枣木的“把棍子”,瞄准了柳树上稍稍粗点的干被投掷,我们叫“投干棒”。有时一个干枝,需要投掷十数下才能将其砸下来。熬过了寒冬,柳树又会早早地见芽,在仍然寒冷肃杀里悄悄地让枝条变青、发芽。等到阳光真的有了暖和的意思,柳花就或黄或绿一串串地开了。我们这些小小子,又会折下一段粗一点的柳枝,捏捏拧拧,等到皮与干分离,将白生生、湿漉漉的干抽出,青青的皮便如蛇蜕般独立。欣喜着将皮的一头捏扁,用指甲轻轻地刮起一点浮皮,像唢呐扁扁的哨嘴子,就可以吹出亮亮的绿莹莹的声音来。

柳树随和,枝条最柔,依风摇摆间,就用朴实的情意将一冬的冷峭熨抚得软绵欣然。它的花与芽,比迎春还早,一树树的嫩黄浅绿,薄雾般、梦幻般、轻纱般地飞舞于寒冷里,让阳光、让细雨,都饱含了诗意。“昔我往矣,杨柳依依”,柳、留之间,载承了多少人间挚诚的情怀。灞桥两岸,依依的杨柳,是否还有或浓或淡的古意?

平凡而又似乎柔弱的柳树,当然从不入名贵的行列,便如野草一般,常常地经受折擗与砍伐。但是柳树似乎不怕,刀斧之后,它却不死,从容地迎候春天。哪有没有春天的世道?春天一到,就在那些刀斧肆虐处,便有新枝不可遏制地生长出来,断一枝长十枝。就是将它斩首,它也不死,还是要生长不已。我总是不大相信胜王败寇的所谓历史,总能从历史的夹缝中,看到一些真相。比如那个失败的刑天,就是我所佩服一位反叛者——“刑天与天帝争神,帝断其首,葬之常羊之山。乃刑天以乳为目,以脐为口,操干戚以舞”——谁能说入乡随俗的柳树,就没有“操干戚以舞”的精神?

窗外,万木争春里,就有一片绿的云雾,那就是柳了。垂下万千的枝条,却满是生长的精神。

【小题1】下列对文章相关内容和艺术特色的分析鉴赏,不正确的一项是(  )

A.文章从爱树写起,以自己想成为一棵老柳的缘由展开,又以对老柳的赞叹作结,写景生动细致,情感真挚动人,读来感人至深。
B.文章开头,不论是对临水枯木的怜惜、围绕高树细细打量,还是柔软地看着荒原的荆棘、对尼山柏树的担心,都是为了与柳树作对比。
C.文章以“俺是一棵老柳”为题,采用了借柳写人、人柳对应的方法,在对柳树的赞美中,表达自己想要拥有平凡却坚强的美丽人生。
D.文章叙事写景,灵活运用比喻、拟人、对比、引用等多种手法,句式整散结合,语言形象生动,富有感染力。

【小题2】请赏析“其实柳树并不只是细语,中年以后,遇到强横的风,也会鸣呜地叫着愤怒与悲伤,不像杨树多在风和日丽时哗哗啦啦地唱赞歌”。
【小题3】作者为何说“自己思量,我就是一棵柳树吧,一棵长在荒野上的老柳”?请结合全文简要分析。

四川省宜宾市2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试语文试题

重庆市第一中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

重庆市第一中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题
1 . 商周时期,青铜器造型相对稳定,很少模仿其他质地器物,且纹饰复杂精巧,“饕餐”、“夔龙”等带有神话色彩的花纹经久不衰。这一现象可以解读为,商周时期

A.官营手工业占据主导 B.手工业产品的单一
C.青铜器政治色彩浓厚 D.青铜铸造技术落后

重庆市第一中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

2 . 如图所示为四川彭州出土的汉代“羊尊酒肆”画像石拓片,画面左侧为一酒肆,酒肆内一人着冠,右手持一量器,左手伸出,作售卖状。酒肆前有二人,为沽酒者。据此可知当时
说明: figure

A.官府严格监管商业 B.社会风气日趋败坏
C.四川盛行饮酒之风 D.市井生活发展繁荣

重庆市第一中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

3 . 有学者研究指出,汉代骆驼文物寥寥无几,且形象非常稚拙或粗糙;唐代则出现大量的骆驼文物,骆驼两侧挂有袋囊长颈瓶、毡毯等,非常写实。骆驼形象的变化表明

A.汉代骆驼尚未进入中原 B.唐代丝路贸易日趋繁荣
C.唐三彩制作技艺日趋成熟 D.汉唐经济重心逐渐南移

重庆市第一中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

四川省成都市新都区2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

四川省成都市新都区2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题
1 . 中国古代农业的耕作方式经历了从集体劳作到个体农耕的变化,这一变化的根本原因是

A.政府政策的引导
B.国家统一的完成
C.生产工具的进步
D.家庭手工业的出现

四川省成都市新都区2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

2 . 墨子说:“农夫早出暮入,耕稼树艺……妇人夙兴夜寐,纺绩积纴。”这体现出中国古代小经济的主要特点是

A.精耕细作 B.男耕女织 C.安定富足 D.技术领先

四川省成都市新都区2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

3 . 下面是根据清朝前期广东海关税收收人情况所绘制的示意图。该图表明清朝前期
figure

A.清政府仍推行对外开放的政策 B.中国对外贸易仍有一定程度发展
C.中国同外国交往仍在日趋加强 D.中国在对外贸易中处于出超地位

四川省成都市新都区2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

重庆市巴蜀中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

重庆市巴蜀中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题
1 . 西周制度下,姬姓贵族与异姓贵族通过世代的婚姻关系结成亲戚。周天子常称同姓诸侯为伯父、叔父,称异姓诸侯为伯舅、叔舅。这说明西周

A.宗法制丰富内容而淡化等级
B.对诸侯区别对待引起了动乱
C.嫡长子继承是宗法制的核心
D.亲戚成为分封制的重要依托

重庆市巴蜀中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

2 . 《剑桥中国史》载:“对帝国而言并不是新东西,也不是起源于秦。但公元前221年的改革至关重要,它断然摒弃了必然引起间接统治的重立列国的思想。”材料评说的制度应是

A.分封制 B.三公九卿制 C.郡县制 D.皇帝制

重庆市巴蜀中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

3 . 《史记汉兴以来诸侯王年表》中记载:汉郡八九十,形错诸侯间,犬牙相临,秉其阸塞(险要之地)地利,强本干,弱枝叶之势,尊卑明而万事各得其所矣。出现该现象的主要原因是

A.汉朝郡县的数量非常多 B.汉朝地域形势十分复杂
C.汉武帝大力推行推恩令 D.诸侯王的势力越来越大

重庆市巴蜀中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试历史试题

广州市海珠区2019—2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量监测化学试题

广州市海珠区2019—2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量监测化学试题
1 . 基因测序常用eqId206f12fde86d43c1933688aa6d6bdcf2作标记物,下列有关eqId206f12fde86d43c1933688aa6d6bdcf2说法正确的是

A.质子数为32
B.中子数为15
C.eqId206f12fde86d43c1933688aa6d6bdcf2eqId2de0595b250e478c9a133fe14c892908是同一种核素
D.eqId206f12fde86d43c1933688aa6d6bdcf2eqId2de0595b250e478c9a133fe14c892908互为同位素

广州市海珠区2019—2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量监测化学试题

2 . 下列金属的冶炼方法属于热还原法的是

A.2HgO说明: figure2Hg+O2
B.Fe2O3+3CO说明: figure 2Fe+3CO2
C.Fe+CuSO4=FeSO4+Cu
D.MgCl2(熔融) 说明: figure Mg+Cl2

广州市海珠区2019—2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量监测化学试题

3 . 下列说法正确的是
①正常雨水的pH为7.0,酸雨的pH小于7.0
②以NO和NO2为主的氮氧化物是形成光化学烟雾的主要原因
③使用SO2进行增白的食品会对人体健康产生损害
④铵盐受热易分解,贮存氨态氮肥时要密封保存,并放在阴凉通风处
⑤食品厂产生的含丰富氮、磷营养元素的废水可长期排向水库养鱼

A.①②③ B.①④⑤ C.②③④ D.③④⑤

广州市海珠区2019—2020学年高一下学期期末教学质量监测化学试题

四川省仁寿第一中学北校区2019-2020学年高一(下)期末模拟(一)理综物理试题

四川省仁寿第一中学北校区2019-2020学年高一(下)期末模拟(一)理综物理试题
1 . 如图所示,一物体在水平恒力作用下沿光滑的水平面做曲线运动,当物体从M点运动到N点时,其速度方向恰好改变了90°,则物体在M点到N点的运动过程中动能将(  )
说明: figure

A.不断增大 B.先减小后增大
C.不断减小 D.先增大后减小

四川省仁寿第一中学北校区2019-2020学年高一(下)期末模拟(一)理综物理试题

2 . 有a、b、c、d四颗地球卫星,a还未发射,在地球赤道上随地球表面一起转动, b处于地面附近近地轨道上正常运动,c是地球同步卫星,d是高空探测卫星,各卫星排列位置如图,则有
figure

A.a的向心加速度等于重力加速度g
B.c在4 h内转过的圆心角是 π / 6
C.b在相同时间内转过的弧长最长
D.d的运动周期有可能是20 h

四川省仁寿第一中学北校区2019-2020学年高一(下)期末模拟(一)理综物理试题

3 . 如图所示,竖直平面内光滑圆轨道外侧,一小球以某一水平速度v0从最高点A出发沿圆轨道运动,至B点时脱离轨道,最终落在水平面上的C点,不计空气阻力。下列说法中正确的是(  )
说明: figure

A.在A点时,小球对圆轨道压力等于其重力
B.在B点时,小球的加速度方向指向圆心
C.AC过程中,小球的机械能不守恒
D.AB过程中,小球水平方向的加速度先增大后减小

四川省仁寿第一中学北校区2019-2020学年高一(下)期末模拟(一)理综物理试题

四川省三台中学2019-2020学年高一(下)期末适应性考试物理试题

四川省三台中学2019-2020学年高一(下)期末适应性考试物理试题
1 . 下列说法符合史实的是(  )

A.哥白尼提出了地心说
B.开普勒总结出了行星运动的三大规律
C.卡文迪许发现了万有引力定律
D.牛顿发现了万有引力定律并测量出了引力常量

四川省三台中学2019-2020学年高一(下)期末适应性考试物理试题

2 . 下列关于运动和力的叙述中,正确的是(  figure)

A.做曲线运动的物体,所受的合力一定是变化的
B.物体做平抛运动,所受的力可能是变化的
C.物体做匀速圆周运动,所受的合力一定指向圆心
D.绕地球做匀速圆周运动的卫星figure,因完全失重,所以不受重力作用

四川省三台中学2019-2020学年高一(下)期末适应性考试物理试题

3 . 如图所示,洗衣机的甩干筒在转动时有一些衣服附在竖直筒壁上,则此时
figure

A.附在筒壁的衣服随筒壁做圆周运动的向心力是摩擦力
B.附在筒壁上的衣服受重力、筒壁的弹力和摩擦力
C.甩干筒的转速越大,筒壁上衣服的线速度与角速度之比越大
D.甩干筒的转速越大,筒壁对衣吸的摩擦力越大

四川省三台中学2019-2020学年高一(下)期末适应性考试物理试题

安徽省六安中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

安徽省六安中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

1 .    Volunteering abroad is a great way to help others,improve your skills and become a more confident,independent person. If you are interested in volunteering abroad,here are some places to go.

Australia

If you seek a life on the beach,in a great climate with friendly people,Australia might be your best bet. With thousands of volunteers already signing up to leave for Australia during the holidays,it will be a very popular option.

Brazil

This vast country has some great opportunities on offer and is especially popular this year. A lot of volunteer work is available in Brazil centers on conservation and ecological projects. With the world’s largest rainforest in Brazil,of which huge part is in danger,there are lots of different jobs you can do.

Kenya

Kenya is the destination for those seeking an African experience. Generally volunteers in Kenya work in orphanages (孤儿院) or with local children living in slums. There is a great demand for volunteers in Africa because many people live in poverty,so if you truly feel like making a difference to a community,Kenya should be at the top of your list.

Costa Rica

Golden sandy beaches,clear coastlines and beautiful cities are what Costa Rica is all about. Because of its small size,you can see a lot of the country in just a short time. You can really make the most of your time as a volunteer. A lot of work is needed with wildlife and ecological work,so if you want to look after turtles on the beach,Costa Rica could be just the place for you.

【小题1】If you are interested in protecting the environment,you will probably go to       .

A.Australia B.Brazil C.Kenya D.Costa Rica

【小题2】It can be inferred from the passage that volunteers in Kenya mainly work with       .

A.animals B.plants C.the elderly D.children

【小题3】If you choose to go to Costa Rica,you are supposed to       .

A.take care of trees in the forests B.surf with children in the water
C.work with animals on the beach D.look after children who have lost their parents

安徽省六安中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

2 . Here is a true story about a famous man who worked in the White House and a criminal. They once faced the same thing: their mother gave them apples when they were young.
The criminal said: one day, my mother brought some apples and asked my brother and me: “Which do you want?” “The reddest and biggest one,” my little brother said. My mother stared at him and said to him angrily: “You should learn to give the good things to others; you shouldn’t always think of yourself.” Seeing this, I suddenly changed my idea and then said to my mother, “Mum, please give me the smaller one and give the bigger one to my little brother.” Hearing my words, my mother was very happy. She kissed me on my face and gave the reddest and biggest apple to me as a prize. From them on, I learned to tell lies, fight, steal and rob. In order to get what I wanted, I played hard. As a result, I was sent into prison.
The famous man from the white house said, One day, my mother brought some apples. She said to my brother and me: “You all want the reddest and biggest one, right? Well, let’s have a competition. Now I divided the grassland in front of the gate into two and I will give one to each of you and you must shear(修剪) it well. And I will give the reddest and biggest apple to him who does it the most quickly and best.”
After the competition, I won and I got the biggest apple. In our family, as long as you want to get the best things, you must take part in competition. I think it is fair. No matter what you want, you must pay lots of efforts.
【小题1】The criminal got the reddest and biggest apple because______.

A.he knew how to make his mother happy from her answer
B.he told the truth that he wanted a smaller one
C.elder brother should of course have the bigger one
D.his mother loved him more than she loved the younger brother

【小题2】We can conclude from the passage that _______.

A.it’s wrong to ask children to choose apples when they are not old enough.
B.it’s wrong to ask children not to always think of themselves.
C.it’s important to make children aware that no matter what they want, they must pay work
D.it’s always necessary to have a competition when we give children apple.

【小题3】The writer tells the story by _______.

A.organizing it in the order of time.
B.describing it in the order of space
C.providing some scientific information
D.making a comparison between two men

【小题4】It is implied in the passage that _______.

A.a mother’s educational method has a great influence on a child’s growing.
B.in order to get what we want, we should play hard.
C.we should always try to win competitions which can bring us a lot.
D.giving children apples will lead them to become criminals.

安徽省六安中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题

3 .    Kong Zi, also called Confucius (551-479B. C. ), and Socrates (苏格拉底) (469-399 B. C. ) lived only a hundred years apart, and during their lifetimes there was no contact between China and Greece, but it is interesting to look at how the world that each of these great philosophers came from shaped their ideas, and how these ideas in turn, shaped their societies.

Neither philosopher lived in times of peace, though there were more wars in Greece than in China. The Chinese states were very large and feudal, while the Greek city-states were small and urban. The urban environment in which Socrates lived allowed him to be more radical (激进的) than Confucius. Unlike Confucius, Socrates was not asked by rulers how to govern effectively. Thus, Socrates was able to be more idealistic, focusing on issues like freedom, and knowledge for its own sake. Confucius, on the other hand, advised those in government service, and many of his students went out to government service.

Confucius suggested the Golden Rule as a principle for the conduct of life: “Do not do to others what you would not want others to do to you.” He assumed that all men were equal at birth, though some had more potential than others, and that it was knowledge that set men apart. Socrates focused on the individual, and thought that the greatest purpose of man was to seek wisdom. But like Confucius, he also believed that the superior class should rule the inferior (下层的) classes.

For Socrates, the family was of no importance, and the community of little concern. For Confucius, however, the family was the centre of the society, with family relations considered much more important than political relations.

Both men are respected much more today than they were in their lifetimes.

【小题1】Which of the following is TURE according to the first paragraph?

A.Socrates and Confucius had much in common.
B.Confucius had much influence on Socrates’ ideas.
C.There were cultural exchanges between China and Greece.
D.The societies were influenced by the philosophers’ ideas.

【小题2】Socrates shared with Confucius the idea that ________.

A.all men were equal when they were born
B.the lower class should be ruled by the upper class
C.the purpose of man was to seek freedom and wisdom
D.do not do to others what you would not want others to do to you

【小题3】What made some people different from others according to Confucius?

A.Knowledge. B.Potential. C.Family. D.Community.

【小题4】This passage is organized in the pattern of ________.

A.time and events B.comparison and contrast
C.cause and effect D.definition and classification

安徽省六安中学2019-2020学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题